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A full list of resources validating Trusst content and methodology.

Aguilera, A., & Muñoz, R. F. (2011). Text messaging as an adjunct to CBT in low-income populations: A usability and feasibility pilot study. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(6), 472–478.

Aguilera, A., Schueller, S. M., & Leykin, Y. (2015). Daily mood ratings via text message as a proxy for clinic based depression assessment. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175, 471–474.

Aguilera, A., Bruehlman-Senecal, E., Demasi, O., & Avila, P. (2017). Automated Text Messaging as an Adjunct to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression: A Clinical Trial. J Med Internet Res, 19(5), e148.

Bashshur, R. L., Shannon, G. W., Bashshur, N., & Yellowlees, P. M. (2016). The Empirical Evidence for Telemedicine Interventions in Mental Disorders. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health: The Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association, 22(2), 87–113.

Ben-Zeev, D., Kaiser, S. M., & Krzos, I. (2014). Remote "hovering" with individuals with psychotic disorders and substance use: feasibility, engagement, and therapeutic alliance with a text-messaging mobile interventionist. Journal of dual diagnosis, 10(4), 197–203.

Ben-Zeev, D., Buck, B., Meller, S., Hudenko, W. J., & Hallgren, K. A. (2020). Augmenting Evidence-Based Care With a Texting Mobile Interventionist: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychiatric Services, 71(12), 1218–1224.

Boisvert, M., Lang, R., Andrianopoulos, M., & Boscardin, M. L. (2010). Telepractice in the assessment and treatment of individuals with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 13(6), 423–432.

Bouchard, S., Paquin, B., Payeur, R., Allard, M., Rivard, V., Fournier, T., Renaud, P., & Lapierre, J. (2004). Delivering cognitive-behavior therapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia in videoconference. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health: The Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association, 10(1), 13–25.

Dwyer, A., de Almeida Neto, A., Estival, D., Li, W., Lam-Cassettari, C., & Antoniou, M. (2021). Suitability of Text-Based Communications for the Delivery of Psychological Therapeutic Services to Rural and Remote Communities: Scoping Review. JMIR mental health, 8(2), e19478.

MacDougall, S., Jerrott, S., Clark, S., Campbell, L. A., Murphy, A., & Wozney, L. (2021). Text Message Interventions in Adolescent Mental Health and Addiction Services: Scoping Review. JMIR Mental Health, 8(1), e16508.

Mohr, D. C., Ho, J., Duffecy, J., Reifler, D., Sokol, L., Burns, M. N., Jin, L., & Siddique, J. (2012). Effect of Telephone-Administered vs Face-to-face Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Adherence to Therapy and Depression Outcomes Among Primary Care Patients: A Randomized Trial. JAMA, 307(21), 2278–2285.

Mohr, D. C., Siddique, J., Ho, J., Duffecy, J., Jin, L., & Fokuo, J. K. (2010). Interest in Behavioral and Psychological Treatments Delivered Face-to-Face, by Telephone, and by Internet. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 40(1), 89–98.

Mohr, D. C., Duffecy, J., Ho, J., Kwasny, M., Cai, X., Burns, M. N., & Begale, M. (2013). A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating a Manualized TeleCoaching Protocol for Improving Adherence to a Web-Based Intervention for the Treatment of Depression. PLoS ONE, 8(8), e70086.

Godleski, L., Darkins, A., & Peters, J. (2012). Outcomes of 98,609 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs patients enrolled in telemental health services, 2006-2010. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), 63(4), 383–385.

Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Birch, M., Whitton, A.E., Parker, G., Manicavasagar, V., Harrison, V., Christensen, H., & Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. (2013). Impact of a mobile phone and web program on symptom and functional outcomes for people with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety and stress: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 13, 312 - 312.

Kichloo, A., Albosta, M., Dettloff, K., Wani, F., El-Amir, Z., Singh, J., Aljadah, M., Chakinala, R. C., Kanugula, A. K., Solanki, S., & Chugh, S. (2020). Telemedicine, the current COVID-19 pandemic and the future: a narrative review and perspectives moving forward in the USA. Family medicine and community health, 8(3), e000530.

Maier, C. A., Riger, D., & Morgan-Sowada, H. (2021). “It’s splendid once you grow into it:” Client experiences of relational teletherapy in the era of COVID-19. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 47(2), 304–319.

Hamblen, J. L., Grubaugh, A. L., Davidson, T. M., Borkman, A. L., Bunnell, B. E., & Ruggiero, K. J. (2019). An Online Peer Educational Campaign to Reduce Stigma and Improve Help Seeking in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Telemedicine and E-Health, 25(1), 41–47.

Hilty, D. M., Ferrer, D. C., Parish, M. B., Johnston, B., Callahan, E. J., & Yellowlees, P. M. (2013). The effectiveness of telemental health: A 2013 review. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health: The Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association, 19(6), 444–454.

Hunt, J. (n.d.). Addressing The Mental Health Access Gap Through Texting and Virtual Care—Electronic Health Reporter. Retrieved January 17, 2020, from


Hull, T. D., & Mahan, K. (2017). A Study of Asynchronous Mobile-Enabled SMS Text Psychotherapy. Telemedicine and E-Health, 23(3), 240–247.

Kessler, D., Lewis, G., Kaur, S., Wiles, N., King, M., Weich, S., Sharp, D. J., Araya, R., Hollinghurst, S., & Peters, T. J. (2009). Therapist-delivered Internet psychotherapy for depression in primary care: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet (London, England), 374(9690), 628–634.

King, V. L., Brooner, R. K., Peirce, J. M., Kolodner, K., & Kidorf, M. S. (2014). A randomized trial of Web-based videoconferencing for substance abuse counseling. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(1), 36–42.

Mitchell, J. E., Crosby, R. D., Wonderlich, S. A., Crow, S., Lancaster, K., Simonich, H., Swan-Kremeier, L., Lysne, C., & Myers, T. C. (2008). A randomized trial comparing the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa delivered via telemedicine versus face-to-face. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46(5), 581–592.

Morgan, A. A., Landers, A. L., Simpson, J. E., Russon, J. M., Pease, J. C., Dolbin-MacNab, M. L., Bland, K. N., & Jackson, J. B. (2021). The transition to teletherapy in marriage and family therapy training settings during COVID-19: What do the data tell us? Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 47(2), 320–341.

Neufeld, J. D., Yellowlees, P. M., Hilty, D. M., Cobb, H., & Bourgeois, J. A. (2007). The e-Mental Health Consultation Service: Providing enhanced primary-care mental health services through telemedicine. Psychosomatics, 48(2), 135–141.

Rees, C. S., & Maclaine, E. (2015). A Systematic Review of Videoconference-Delivered Psychological Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Australian Psychologist, 50(4), 259–264.

Ruskin, P. E., Silver-Aylaian, M., Kling, M. A., Reed, S. A., Bradham, D. D., Hebel, J. R., Barrett, D., Knowles, F., & Hauser, P. (2004). Treatment outcomes in depression: Comparison of remote treatment through telepsychiatry to in-person treatment. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(8), 1471–1476.

Sánchez-Ortiz, V. C., House, J., Munro, C., Treasure, J., Startup, H., Williams, C., & Schmidt, U. (2011). ‘A computer isn’t gonna judge you’: A qualitative study of users’ views of an internet-based cognitive behavioural guided self-care treatment package for bulimia nervosa and related disorders. Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD, 16(2), e93–e101.

Vázquez, M. Y. G., Sexto, C. F., Rocha, Á., & Aguilera, A. (2016). Mobile Phones and Psychosocial Therapies with Vulnerable People: A First State of the Art. Journal of Medical Systems, 40(6), 157.

Wade, S. L., Raj, S. P., Moscato, E. L., & Narad, M. E. (2019). Clinician perspectives delivering telehealth interventions to children/families impacted by pediatric traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 64(3), 298–306.

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